Facebook Twitter E-mail RSS
Home news Nuba Women Refugees in Yida Camp: Striving to Survive
formats

Nuba Women Refugees in Yida Camp: Striving to Survive

Published on June 11, 2012 in news

Researcher : Mary Adam

Edited by Arry organization

When the war erupted in the Nuba mountains a year a go between the Sudanese government and the Sudanese People Liberation Army / North (SPLM/N) , women and children found them selves under constant fear from indiscriminate bombardment by the Sudanese armed Forces (SAF) , and the on land attacks by the government allied militias ( PDF) . the overwhelming destruction of civilian properties in the Nuba mountains villages and small towns turned most of the region to ghost towns and burned villages , where no human can live in , that was the scorched earth policy the Sudanese government implemented to end the rebel control and destroy the support population of the SPLM/N in the Nuba mountains and hopefully end the soldier supply to the rebels army .

Women and children left alone in the burned and bombed villages , to hide in caves and bushes , and when the situation went from bad worse many mothers to scape with their children to South Sudanese boarders hoping to find refuge there and some food and water . The moving toward Yida camp in Unity State in south Sudan, 25 KLM, from the international boarders. The first comers were mostly from Buram locality which is 1-2 days walk away , but after that people from places more inside Nuba mountains started to take the journey to the Camp, in last December the number started reaching 25- 30 thousands , in February numbers of new arrivals doubled and people looked weaker and children malnourished .

The need for protection:

On April 4th 2012 Mary Adam, researcher and Nuba women activist took the journey to Yida camp , Mary stayed there for 15 days met with women and children and the organizations running the camp. Her observations and insights on the journey she shared with Arry , are highlighting the day to day life of the 80% of the cam population which is women and children . Mary told Arry that ” women spend most of the day collecting fire woods and bringing water , there is a real problem in the water supplies , its simply not enough ” , women took the hard and dangerous journey into the bushes to collect fire wood , during the journey their children and fellow women remain worried fro them , they don’t know the bushes so well so they may lost the way back to the camp , also there is the wild animals , snakes ,in addition to the aircraft targeting any thing moving , also they face the danger of sexual harassment and rape , as they are un protected women wondering in the bushes , with no police or any other kind of protection .

Dividing roles:

Women inside they camp are dividing roles between them to achieve the hard work they have to do every day, some of them bring the fire wood others do the cocking and there groups take care of the children specially the young , as there is 9 kinder gardens in the camp being run by the women , some kinder gardens serves 600 children , young girls help with doing this work too, as many of them doesn’t go to schools and stay helping with bringing water and look after babies .

Finding solutions for the food shortage:

The food shortage in the cap derived the women in the camp to start their on farm in the camp, when Mary were in there, women were working very hard to prepare the land for planting seeds, they are seeking help from the UN agencies , and aid groups in the camp to help them accomplish this project that will provide them food security and diversity in their food and may be some cash . The food distributed in the camp is mostly sorghum and some oil and some lentos .

The ratios distributed is not enough, every person has 15 KLG of sorghum and 1.5 Klg of lentos  per month and oil and salt according to the WFP (“For every month one single person will receive 15 kilograms of maize or sorghum, they will receive 1.5 kilograms of lentos or yellow peas and they will receive oil and salt as well so they cook, if they have a family of 10 they will receive ten times these ratios for one month”, said Pinnock from WFP.(Sudan Tribune- May 15 2012). But the food supplies are affected by the insecurity status in the region and the boarder conflict.

Preferring Yida camp:

The UN agencies had been in long term argument reached dead end till with the refugees in Yida camp , as the UN see the camp too near to the boarder and unsafe , so the UNCHR prepared another camp in Nyeil but the refugees specially women refuse to go to it , its dry land and where no trees and sheds from the sun , there for finding fire woods and children space to play will be difficult ,also there is no for women to plant in the Nyeil camp , as its land will be flooded in the rain season .

 The surviving struggle:

In Yida camp women are striving in daily bases from early morning to insure their families and children are having enough food and water and  getting some education , they walked for days fought the burning sun and the fear of being bombed from the sky or being raped in the way to reach safer place for their starving children , but the challenges they face in Yida are not easy, but they know that , for now they don’t have another choice .

Young girls had volunteered to learn to be nurses helping in the camp hospital and other are struggling to continue their education in very tough conditions , 2.500 girls left their families searching for opportunity to  continue their education in Yida camp , and during the hardship pf leaving alone , they are facing the danger of sexual harassment and rape , they are living in separate dorms , but the room could contain 20 girls, the girls also suffering in the class rooms as the class could contain 100 pupils , sitting on tree branches , and learning in the sun light as there is no light after the sun set. More efforts need to be done to insure the proper education and living conditions and protection for those young girls, and they need guidance and psychological support specially sexual harassment survivals .

Life will never stop:

During this hard circumstances , women still gather to perform traditional dances and having good time,” they even opened folklore museum containing their traditional house hold tools and art crafts , they are keeping their home land alive and protecting their traditions to pass it to the coming generations and also for them living in this conditions they need to remember what they have and not forget about their history and unique identity” , said Mary Adam .through this hard situation women still taking care not just of their own children but many women have adopted orphans or children with no company came to the camp fleeing the war . those women in Yida camp are presenting the importance of women empowerment specially in the conflict areas where in some points most of the surviving responsibility thrown on women shoulders , while men either fighting or dead , and some times just paralyzed by the atrocities they had been through.

Women are life protectors :   

In Yida camp , and generally in  the Nuba mountains women had been the solid rock in managing this devastating  conditions , they cocked tree leaves , insects , and they found ways to survive for months inside caves and boshes , they fed their children and cured their diseases using traditional medicines . for the lack of any medical supplies and cut of trade , women used tree leaves in their period times , they survived all of that , and more to be discovered when easier access to the region will be allowed , there fore the international aid agencies and women organizations around the world are challenged to step up and give those brave Nuba women in Yida camp and inside Nuba mountains ,the protection and assistance they need and pressure all the parties to stop their suffering and bring peace to the remote region living in constant conflict for three decades now .

In spite of the innumerous dangers and challenges faces the women refugees in Yida camp , they continue their struggle as , mothers, family providers, and students to survive this outstanding livelihood conditions with , amazing bravery and strength.

 

Nuba Women Refugees in Yida Camp:

 Striving to Survive

 

 

 

Researcher : Mary Adam

Edited by Arry organization

 

 

When the war erupted in the Nuba mountains a year a go between the Sudanese government and the Sudanese People Liberation Army / North (SPLM/N) , women and children found them selves under constant fear from indiscriminate bombardment by the Sudanese armed Forces (SAF) , and the on land attacks by the government allied militias ( PDF) . the overwhelming destruction of civilian properties in the Nuba mountains villages and small towns turned most of the region to ghost towns and burned villages , where no human can live in , that was the scorched earth policy the Sudanese government implemented to end the rebel control and destroy the support population of the SPLM/N in the Nuba mountains and hopefully end the soldier supply to the rebels army .

 

Women and children left alone in the burned and bombed villages , to hide in caves and bushes , and when the situation went from bad worse many mothers to scape with their children to South Sudanese boarders hoping to find refuge there and some food and water . The moving toward Yida camp in Unity State in south Sudan, 25 KLM, from the international boarders. The first comers were mostly from Buram locality which is 1-2 days walk away , but after that people from places more inside Nuba mountains started to take the journey to the Camp, in last December the number started reaching 25- 30 thousands , in February numbers of new arrivals doubled and people looked weaker and children malnourished .

 

The need for protection:

 

 

On April 4th 2012 Mary Adam, researcher and Nuba women activist took the journey to Yida camp , Mary stayed there for 15 days met with women and children and the organizations running the camp. Her observations and insights on the journey she shared with Arry , are highlighting the day to day life of the 80% of the cam population which is women and children . Mary told Arry that ” women spend most of the day collecting fire woods and bringing water , there is a real problem in the water supplies , its simply not enough ” , women took the hard and dangerous journey into the bushes to collect fire wood , during the journey their children and fellow women remain worried fro them , they don’t know the bushes so well so they may lost the way back to the camp , also there is the wild animals , snakes ,in addition to the aircraft targeting any thing moving , also they face the danger of sexual harassment and rape , as they are un protected women wondering in the bushes , with no police or any other kind of protection .

 

Dividing roles:

 

 

Women inside they camp are dividing roles between them to achieve the hard work they have to do every day, some of them bring the fire wood others do the cocking and there groups take care of the children specially the young , as there is 9 kinder gardens in the camp being run by the women , some kinder gardens serves 600 children , young girls help with doing this work too, as many of them doesn’t go to schools and stay helping with bringing water and look after babies .

Finding solutions for the food shortage:

 

The food shortage in the cap derived the women in the camp to start their on farm in the camp, when Mary were in there, women were working very hard to prepare the land for planting seeds, they are seeking help from the UN agencies , and aid groups in the camp to help them accomplish this project that will provide them food security and diversity in their food and may be some cash . The food distributed in the camp is mostly sorghum and some oil and some lentos .

The ratios distributed is not enough, every person has 15 KLG of sorghum and 1.5 Klg of lentos  per month and oil and salt according to the WFP (“For every month one single person will receive 15 kilograms of maize or sorghum, they will receive 1.5 kilograms of lentos or yellow peas and they will receive oil and salt as well so they cook, if they have a family of 10 they will receive ten times these ratios for one month”, said Pinnock from WFP.(Sudan Tribune- May 15 2012). But the food supplies are affected by the insecurity status in the region and the boarder conflict.

 

 

Preferring Yida camp:

 

 

The UN agencies had been in long term argument reached dead end till with the refugees in Yida camp , as the UN see the camp too near to the boarder and unsafe , so the UNCHR prepared another camp in Nyeil but the refugees specially women refuse to go to it , its dry land and where no trees and sheds from the sun , there for finding fire woods and children space to play will be difficult ,also there is no for women to plant in the Nyeil camp , as its land will be flooded in the rain season .

 

 The surviving struggle:

 

 

In Yida camp women are striving in daily bases from early morning to insure their families and children are having enough food and water and  getting some education , they walked for days fought the burning sun and the fear of being bombed from the sky or being raped in the way to reach safer place for their starving children , but the challenges they face in Yida are not easy, but they know that , for now they don’t have another choice .

 

Young girls had volunteered to learn to be nurses helping in the camp hospital and other are struggling to continue their education in very tough conditions , 2.500 girls left their families searching for opportunity to  continue their education in Yida camp , and during the hardship pf leaving alone , they are facing the danger of sexual harassment and rape , they are living in separate dorms , but the room could contain 20 girls, the girls also suffering in the class rooms as the class could contain 100 pupils , sitting on tree branches , and learning in the sun light as there is no light after the sun set. More efforts need to be done to insure the proper education and living conditions and protection for those young girls, and they need guidance and psychological support specially sexual harassment survivals .

 

Life will never stop:

 

During this hard circumstances , women still gather to perform traditional dances and having good time,” they even opened folklore museum containing their traditional house hold tools and art crafts , they are keeping their home land alive and protecting their traditions to pass it to the coming generations and also for them living in this conditions they need to remember what they have and not forget about their history and unique identity” , said Mary Adam .through this hard situation women still taking care not just of their own children but many women have adopted orphans or children with no company came to the camp fleeing the war . those women in Yida camp are presenting the importance of women empowerment specially in the conflict areas where in some points most of the surviving responsibility thrown on women shoulders , while men either fighting or dead , and some times just paralyzed by the atrocities they had been through.

 

Women are life protectors :   

 

In Yida camp , and generally in  the Nuba mountains women had been the solid rock in managing this devastating  conditions , they cocked tree leaves , insects , and they found ways to survive for months inside caves and boshes , they fed their children and cured their diseases using traditional medicines . for the lack of any medical supplies and cut of trade , women used tree leaves in their period times , they survived all of that , and more to be discovered when easier access to the region will be allowed , there fore the international aid agencies and women organizations around the world are challenged to step up and give those brave Nuba women in Yida camp and inside Nuba mountains ,the protection and assistance they need and pressure all the parties to stop their suffering and bring peace to the remote region living in constant conflict for three decades now .

In spite of the innumerous dangers and challenges faces the women refugees in Yida camp , they continue their struggle as , mothers, family providers, and students to survive this outstanding livelihood conditions with , amazing bravery and strength.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Reddit Share on LinkedIn